# Training Index

This page gives a complete index of everything I currently deliver within **John varlow | Training and Consultancy** * courses*. The index will get bigger as we deliver more training courses.

It is the intention that each of the items in the index will have a description of what is covered within the training but this is a work in progress so please bear with us as this is developed.

## A

**Absolute risk**

**Absolute risk reduction**

**Abstracts**

**Abstract presentations**

**Accessibility (data quality)**

**Accuracy (data quality)**

**Additive ETS models**

**Agile projects**

**Akaike’s Information Criterion (AIC)**

**Alpha (chance)**

**Alternate / alternative hypotheses**

**Analysis (SPSS)**

**Analysis strategy / approach (research proposal)**

**Analytical design**

**Analytical questions**

**Approaches to outcome measurement**

**A priori power**

**ARIMA models**

**ARIMA model selection**

**ARIMA outputs**

**Association of variables**

**Assurance of indicators**

**Audit definition**

**Audit lifecycle**

**Auto-correlation****Auto-correlation function (ACF)**

**Autoregressive models**

**Average**

**Average method**

## B

**Bar charts**

**Background (research proposal)**

**Baseline category**

**BATS overview**

**Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC)**

**Bell shaped curve**

**Bernoulli distribution**

**Beta (power)**

**Bias**

**Binomial distribution**

**Binomial logistic regression**

**Bi-variate analysis**

**Blinding**

**Blobbogram**

**Block Randomisation**

**Body language**

**Bonferonni test**

**Box and whisker plots**

**Box Cox transformations**

**Breusch Godfrey test**

## C

**Capability**

**Case-control design**

**Case series design**

**Case study design**

**Categories**

**Categorical data**

**Causation**

**Central limit theorem**

**Centroid**

**Certainty**

**Chance effect**

**Chance (alpha)**

**Charts - overview**

**Chi Square test**

**Classifications**

**Clinical significance**

**Clinical Terms version 3**

**Cluster Sampling**

**Cochrane's Q test**

**Cohort analytic studies**

**Cohort design**

**Combination charts**

**Comparison Group**

**Completeness (data quality)**

**Complex data manipulation (SPSS)**

**Compound measures**

**Confidence limits**

**Confounding variables**

**Conservation of resources (ethics)**

**Constant**

**Continuous data**

**Control (project)**

**Control subjects**

**Control limits**

**Convenience Sampling**

**Correlations**

**Correlation coefficients**

**Cox's proportional hazards**

**Critical appraisal overview**

**Critical appraisal process**

**Critical appraisal skills programme (CASP)**

**Cross-sectional design**

**Cyclical variation**

## D

**Damping methods**

**Data model and dictionary**

**Data protection (ethics)**

**Data quality - overview**

**Data quality : accessibility**

**Data quality : accuracy**

**Data quality : completeness**

**Data quality : relevance**

**Data quality: timeliness**

**Data standards**

**Data transformation**

**Definition of audit**

**Definition of descriptive statistics**

**Definition of evaluation**

**Definition of an indicator**

**Definition of inferential statistics**

**Definition of a metric**

**Definition of a number**

**Definition of research**

**Definition of service development**

**Definition of time series data**

**Degrees of freedom**

**Delphi Method**

**Denominator**

**Dependent variables**

**Descriptive statistics - definition**

**Design : case-control**

**Design : case series**

**Design : case study**

**Design : cohort**

**Design : cross-sectional**

**Design : experimental**

**Design : survey**

**Determinism**

**Deviation**

**Dichotomous data**

**Differencing**

**Different methods of dissemination**

**Direct standardisation**

**Discrete data**

**Disseminating research findings**

**Dissemination strategy**

**Distributions**

**Distribution : Bernoulli**

**Distribution : Binomial**

**Distribution : Chi Square**

**Distribution : Exponential**

**Distribution : F**

**Distribution : Gaussian**

**Distribution : Leptokurtic**

**Distribution : Mesokurtic**

**Distribution : Normal**

**Distribution : Platykurtic**

**Distribution : Poisson**

**Distribution : Student T**

**Distribution : Standard Z**

**Distribution : Uniform**

**Doubling up principle in ratio data**

**Drift Method**

**Dummy variables**

**Durbin Watson test**

## E

**Ecologic validity**

**Elements of time series da**ta

**Empiricism**

**Epidemiology overview**

**Equal Variance Assumed**

**Error : Sampling**

**Error : Standard**

**Ethical approval**

**Ethics overview**

**Ethics : conservation of resources**

**Ethics : data protection**

**Ethics : informed consent**

**Ethics : minimising discomfort**

**Ethics : protecting participants**

**Ethics : taboos in the community**

**Ethnography**

**ETS Models**

**Evaluation - definition**

**Event rates**

**Experimental design**

**Exploratory analysis**

**Exponential distribution**

**Exponential smoothing**

**Exponential triple smoothing**

**Exponential trend**

**External reliability**

## F

**F distribution**

**Feasibility**

**Finance and resources**

**Fisher's test**

**FORECAST function (MS Excel)**

**Forecasting**

**Forrest Plot**

**Fourier series**

**Friedman test**

**Funnel Plots**

## G

**Gaming and perverse incentives**

**Gantt Charts**

**Gaussian distribution**

**Gradient**

**Graphical data presentation**

**Grounded Theory**

**GROWTH function (MS Excel)**

## H

**Hand gestures in presentation**

**Hawthorne Effect**

**Healthcare Resource Groups (HRG)**

**Heteroskedasticity**

**Histograms**

**Holt's linear method**

**Holt Winter's method**

**Homogeneity of variance**

**Homoskedasticity**

**Hypotheses : alternate**

**Hypotheses : one-tailed**

**Hypotheses : null**

**Hypotheses : statistical**

**Hypotheses : two tailed**

## I

**ICD codes**

**Implementation**

**Incidence rates**

**Incident cases**

**Independent Samples**

**Independent samples t-test**

**Independent variables**

**Indicator - definition**

**Indicator construction**

**Indirect standardisation**

**Inference**

**Inferential statistics - definition**

**Influencing variables**

**Information standards**

**Informed consent**

**Integration (Time Series)**

**Intellectual property rights**

**Intention to treat**

**Inter-quartile range**

**Interoperability**

**Interpreting regression output**

**Interpretevist paradigm**

**Interval data**

**Intervention**

**Intervention group**

**Inter observer reliability**

**Internal reliability**

**Intra observer reliability**

**Introduction (research proposal)**

## J

**Judgmental forecasting**

## K

**Kaplan Meier**

**Kendall’s tau correlation**

**Knowledge : Private**

**Knowledge : Professional**

**Knowledge : Public**

**Knowledge : Scientific**

**Kruskal-Wallis test**

**Kurtosis**

## L

**Lag**

**Last observation carried forward**

**Least squares**

**Leptokurtic distribution****Letter of invitation****Levene's statistic****Line charts****Line of best fit****Line of no effect****Linear regression****Linear trends****Literature****Literature review****Log transformations****Logistic regression****Logit****Longitudinal studies**

## M

**Mann Whitney U test****Maximum likelihood****McNemar test****Measures of central tendency****Mean****Mean square error (MSE)****Measures of dispersion****Median****Mesokurtic distribution****Meta-analysis****Methodology (research proposal)****Metric - definition****Minimising discomfort (ethics)****Mode****Moving averages****MSTS models****Multiple independent groups - tests****Multiple linear regression****Multiple related groups - tests****Multiplicative ETS models****Multinomial logistic regression****Multi-variate analysis**

## N

**Naïve method****Natural cause variation****Nominal data****Non-linear trends****Non-parametric tests****Normal distribution****Normality test****Null hypotheses****Number - definition****Numbers needed to treat**

## O

**Observational studies****Odds****Odds ratio****One-tailed hypotheses****One way and two way Anova test****OPCS codes****Oral presentations****Ordering data****Ordinal data****Out of control processes****Outcome measurement overview****Outliers****Overlapping confidence intervals**

## P

**P values****Paired samples t-test****Parallel lines test****Parametric tests****Partial auto-correlation function (PACF)****Pearson's product moment correlation****Percentages and rates****Percentiles****Perverse incentives and gaming****Phenomenology****PICO approach****Pie Charts****Piloting****Placebo effect****Platykurtic distribution****Positivist paradigm**

**Post-hoc power**

**Post-hoc tests****Poster presentations****Power**

**Power transformations****Presentation methods****Prediction intervals****Prevalence rates****Principles of Good indicators****Private knowledge****Probability****Procedure codes****Process capability****Process control and regression models****Process control charts****Professional knowledge****Project assumptions****Project board****Project closure****Project dependencies****Project feasibility****Project finance and resources****Project initiation****Project live running (control)****Project management overview****Project management tools****Project manager****Project planning****Project review****Project risks****Project sponsor****Project staff****Project team****Proportional hazards****Prospective studies****Protection of participants (ethics)****Public knowledge**

## Q

**Quality indicators****Quartiles****Questionnaires****Questionnaire design principles****Question : Analysis****Question : Research****Qualitative Methods****Quantitative Methods****Quintiles****Quota Sampling**

## R

**R-squared values****Random walk****Randomisation****Randomised controlled trials (RCT)****Range****Ranking indicators and metrics****Rate : Incidence****Rate : Prevalence****Ratio data****Ratios****READ codes****Reductionism****Regression equations****Regression methods and process control****Repeated measures ANOVA****Relative risk****Relative risk reduction****Relevance in data quality****Reliability****Reliability : External****Reliability : Inter observer****Reliability : Internal****Reliability : Intra observer****Replicable code (SPSS)****Retrospective Studies****Research Aims****Research and Audit difference****Research application procedures****Research definition****Research designs overview****Research design strengths and weaknesses****Research ethics****Research language overview****Research lifecycle****Research methodology****Research objectives****Research proposal****Research protocol****Research question****Research regulations overview****Residual variation****Resources and finance****Results : interpretation****Results : presentation****Risk****Role of voice in presentation****Rolling averages****Root mean square error (RMSE)****Run Charts**

## S

**Sample size****Sensitivity****Shewhart funnel plot****Specificity****Sampling error****Sampling : cluster****Sampling : convenience****Sampling methods overview****Sampling :quota****Sampling : snowball****Sampling : stratified****Satisfaction surveys****Scatter plots****Scepticisim****Scheffe test****Scientific knowledge****Scientific method****Seasonal method****Seasonal variation****Secular trend****Semantic interoperability****Service development definition****Significance****Simple database setup (SPSS)****Simple database manipulation (SPSS)****Simple linear regression****Simple outcome measures****Simple randomisation****Skewness****Smoothing techniques****Snomed CT (R)****Snowball sampling****Solver (MS Excel)****Sources of bias****Spearman's rank correlation****Special cause variation****SPSS simple database setup****SPSS simple dataset manipulation****SPSS analysis****SPSS complex data manipulation****SPSS replicable code****Standard deviation****Standard error****Standard Z distribution****Standardised procedures****Standardisation : direct****Standardisation : indirect****Stationarity****Statistical hypotheses****Statistical power**

**Statistical process control****Statistical significance****Statistical tables****Statistical tests for 2 groups****Stem and Leaf plots****Stratified sampling****Stratification****Students T distribution****Sum of squares****Survey design****Survival curves****Systematic Review**

## T

**Tables****Taboos of the community (ethics)****TBATS overview**

**Terminology**

**Test : One way or two way ANOVA****Test: Bonferonni**

**Test: Breusch Godfrey**

**Test : Chi Square**

**Test : Cochrane's Q**

**Test : Durbin Watson****Test: Fisher****Test : Friedman****Test : Independent samples t****Test : Kruskal Wallis****Test : Levene****Test : Mann Whitney U****Test : McNemar****Test : Paired samples t****Test : Parallel lines****Test : Repeated measures ANOVA****Test : Scheffe****Test : Tukey****Test : Wilcoxon signed ranks****Time series data - overview****Timeframes****Timeliness in data quality****Triangulation****TREND function (MS Excel)****True effect (of intervention)****True zero in ratio data****Tukey test****Two-tailed hypotheses****Type I errors****Type II errors**

## U

**Understanding your audience****Uni-variate analysis**

## V

**Validated measures****Validation sample****Validity****Variables****Variance****Variation**

## W

**Waterfall projects****Weighting data****White noise****Wilcoxon signed ranks test****Winsorisation**

## XYZ

**Z distribution****Z score****Z test for means****Z test for proportions****Z transform**

## 0-9

**2 independent groups - tests****2 related groups - tests****3 or more independent groups - tests****3 or more related groups - tests****3D presentation****95% certainty****95% confidence**